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[$800] The Greatest Minds: Rosalind Franklin

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ūüé®The Greatest Minds: Rosalind Franklinūüé®

Ends: 02/28/2021 @Midday (12pm) GMT 
  

Spoiler

Rosalind Elsie Franklin¬†(25 July 1920¬†‚Äď 16 April 1958)[1]¬†was an English¬†chemist¬†and¬†X-ray crystallographer¬†whose work was central to the understanding of the molecular structures of¬†DNA¬†(deoxyribonucleic acid),¬†RNA¬†(ribonucleic acid),¬†viruses,¬†coal, and¬†graphite.[2]¬†Although her works on coal and viruses were appreciated in her lifetime, her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA were largely unrecognized during her life, for which she has been variously referred to as the "wronged heroine",[3]¬†the "dark lady of DNA",[4]¬†the "forgotten heroine",[5]¬†a "feminist icon",[6]¬†and the "Sylvia Plath¬†of molecular biology".[7]

She graduated in 1941 with a degree in¬†natural sciences¬†from¬†Newnham College, Cambridge, and then enrolled for a PhD in¬†physical chemistry¬†under¬†Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, the¬†1920 Chair of Physical Chemistry¬†at the¬†University of Cambridge. Disappointed by Norrish‚Äôs lack of enthusiasm,[8]¬†she took up a research position under the¬†British Coal Utilisation Research Association¬†(BCURA) in 1942. The research on coal helped her earn a PhD from Cambridge in 1945.[9]¬†Moving to Paris in 1947 as a¬†chercheur¬†(postdoctoral researcher) under¬†Jacques Mering¬†at the Laboratoire Central des Services Chimiques de l'√Čtat, she became an accomplished X-ray crystallographer. After joining¬†King's College London¬†in 1951 as a research associate, she discovered the key properties of DNA, which eventually facilitated the correct description of the¬†double helix¬†structure of DNA.[3]¬†Owing to disagreement with her director,¬†John Randall, and her colleague¬†Maurice Wilkins, she was compelled to move to¬†Birkbeck College¬†in 1953.

 

 

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